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Department ofVertebrate Zoology

Division of Mammals

Tarsius bancanus
bar Jesus Maldonado
    Jesús E. Maldonado
    Research Geneticist

  • Phone: (202)633-4198
  • Fax: (202)673-0040
  • E-mail: maldonadoj[at]

  • Mailing Address:
    Center for Conservation and Evolutionary Genetics
    National Zoological Park
    National Museum of Natural History
    Smithsonian Institution
    PO Box 37012 MRC 5503
    Washington, DC 20013-7012

  • Shipping Address:
    Center for Conservation and Evolutionary Genetics
    National Zoological Park
    3001 Connecticut Ave NW
    Washington DC 20008

Related Links

NMNH Genetics Program
National Zoological Park Staff Profile


Ph.D.(Organismic Biology, Ecology and Evolution): University of California Los Angeles, 2001
M.S.(Zoology): Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania, 1985
B.S.(Biology): Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania, 1983

Research Interests

Dr. Jesús E. Maldonado is a Research Geneticist at the Genetics Program at the Smithsonian Institution. His main interests are conservation genetics, molecular ecology and evolutionary biology of rare and endangered mammals. He has been a research geneticist at the Smithsonian since 1998. He has studied kit foxes since 1996. He used mitochondrial DNA sequence data to compare the phylogenetic relationships of the endangered Mexican kit fox with North American arid land foxes. He has participated in several other projects focusing on the genetics of rare or endangered species, including a study of the population structure of the South American Marsh deer.

Recent Publications

Hawkins, Melissa T. R., Leonard, Jennifer A., Helgen, Kristofer M., McDonough, Molly M., Rockwood, Larry L. and Maldonado, Jesus E. 2016. Evolutionary history of endemic Sulawesi squirrels constructed from UCEs and mitogenomes sequenced from museum specimens. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 16(1): 1-16. doi:10.1186/s12862-016-0650-z

Funk, W. C., Lovich, Robert E., Hohenlohe, Paul A., Hofman, Courtney A., Morrison, Scott A., Sillett, T. S., Ghalambor, Cameron K., Maldonado, Jesus E., Rick, Torben C., Day, Mitch D., Polato, Nicholas R., Fitzpatrick, Sarah W., Coonan, Timothy J., Crooks, Kevin R., Dillon, Adam, Garcelon, David K., King, Julie L., Boser, Christina L., Gould, Nicholas and Andelt, William F. 2016. Adaptive divergence despite strong genetic drift: genomic analysis of the evolutionary mechanisms causing genetic differentiation in the island fox (Urocyon littoralis). Molecular ecology, 25(10): 2176-2194. doi:10.1111/mec.13605

Haynie, Michelle L., Tsuchiya, Mirian T. N., Ospina-Garcés, Sandra Milena, Arroyo-Cabrales, Joaquin, Medellín, Rodrigo A., Polaco, Oscar J. and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2016. Placement of the rediscovered Myotis planiceps (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) within the Myotis phylogeny. Journal of mammalogy, 97(3): 701-712. doi:10.1093/jmammal/gyv216

Hawkins, Melissa T. R., Helgen, Kristofer M., Maldonado, Jesus E., Rockwood, Larry L., Tsuchiya, Mirian T. N. and Leonard, Jennifer A. 2016. Phylogeny, biogeography and systematic revision of plain long-nosed squirrels (genus Dremomys, Nannosciurinae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 94(Part B): 752-764. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2015.10.023

Campana, Michael G., Hawkins, Melissa T. R., Henson, Lauren H., Stewardson, Kristin, Young, Hillary S., Card, Leah R., Lock, Justin, Agwanda, Bernard, Brinkerhoff, Jory, Gaff, Holly D., Helgen, Kristofer M., Maldonado, Jesús E., McShea, William J. and Fleischer, Robert C. 2016. Simultaneous identification of host, ectoparasite and pathogen DNA via in-solution capture. Molecular Ecology Resources, 16(5): 1224-1239. doi:10.1111/1755-0998.12524

Campana, Michael G., Parker, Lillian D., Hawkins, Melissa T. R., Young, Hillary S., Helgen, Kristofer M., Szykman Gunther, Micaela, Woodroffe, Rosie, Maldonado, Jesús E. and Fleischer, Robert C. 2016. Genome sequence, population history, and pelage genetics of the endangered African wild dog (Lycaon pictus). BMC Genomics, 17(1): 1013 doi:10.1186/s12864-016-3368-9

Hawkins, Melissa T. R., Hofman, Courtney A., Callicrate, Taylor, McDonough, Molly M., Tsuchiya, Mirian T. N., Gutiérrez, Eliécer E., Helgen, Kristofer M. and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2016. In-Solution Hybridization for Mammalian Mitogenome enrichment: Pros, Cons, and Challenges Associated with Multiplexing Degraded DNA. Molecular Ecology Resources, 16(5): 1173-1188. doi:10.1111/1755-0998.12448

Hofman, Courtney A., Rick, Torben C., Maldonado, Jesús E., Collins, Paul W., Erlandson, Jon M., Fleischer, Robert C., Smith, Chelsea, Sillett, T. S., Ralls, Katherine, Teeter, Wendy, Vellanoweth, René L. and Newsome, Seth D. 2016. Tracking the origins and diet of an endemic island canid (Urocyon littoralis) across 7300 years of human cultural and environmental change. Quaternary Science Reviews, 146: 147-160. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.06.010

Maldonado, Jesús E., Young, Sarah, Simons, Lee H., Stone, Sheridan, Parker, Lillian D. and Reyes, Jorge Ortega 2015. Conservation genetics and phylogeny of the Arizona shrew in the "Sky Islands" of the Southwestern United States. THERYA, 6(2): 401-420.

Hofman, Courtney A., Rick, Torben C., Hawkins, Melissa T. R., Funk, W. C., Ralls, Katherine, Boser, Christina L., Collins, Paul W., Coonan, Tim, King, Julie L., Morrison, Scott A., Newsome, Seth D., Sillett, T. Scott, Fleischer, Robert C. and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2015. Mitochondrial Genomes Suggest Rapid Evolution of Dwarf California Channel Islands Foxes (Urocyon littoralis). PloS One, 10(2): 1-15. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0118240

Bozarth, Christine A., Gardner, Beth, Rockwood, Larry L. and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2015. Using Fecal DNA and Spatial Capture-Recapture to Characterize a Recent Coyote Colonization. Northeastern Naturalist, 22(1): 144-162. doi:10.1656/045.022.0124

Hofman, Courtney A., Rick, Torben C., Fleischer, Robert C. and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2015. Conservation archaeogenomics: ancient DNA and biodiversity in the Anthropocene. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 30(9): 540-549. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2015.06.008

Yumnam, Bibek, Negi, Tripti, Maldonado, Jesús E., Fleischer, Robert C. and Jhala, Yadvendradev V. 2015. Phylogeography of the Golden Jackal (Canis aureus) in India. PloS One, 10(9): 1-18. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0138497

Dutta, Trishna, Sharma, Sandeep, Maldonado, Jesús E., Panwar, Hemendra Singh and Seidensticker, John 2015. Genetic Variation, Structure, and Gene Flow in a Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus) Meta-Population in the Satpura-Maikal Landscape of Central India. PloS One, 10(5) doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0123384

Leonard, Jennifer A., den Tex, Robert-Jan, Hawkins, Melissa T. R., Muñoz-Fuentes, Violeta, Thorington, Richard W., Jr. and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2015. Phylogeography of vertebrates on the Sunda Shelf: a multi-species comparison. Journal of Biogeography, 42(5): 871-879. doi:10.1111/jbi.12465

He, Kai, Woodman, Neal, Boaglio, Sean, Roberts, Mariel, Supekar, Sunjana and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2015. Molecular Phylogeny Supports Repeated Adaptation to Burrowing within Small-Eared Shrews Genus of Cryptotis (Eulipotyphla, Soricidae). PloS One, 10(10): 1-13. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0140280

González, Susana, Cosse, Mariana, Franco, María del Rosario, Emmons, Louise, Vynne, Carly, Duarte, José Maurício Barbanti, Beccacesi, Marcelo D. and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2015. Population Structure of mtDNA Variation due to Pleistocene Fluctuations in the South American Maned Wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus, Illiger, 1815): Management Units for Conservation. Journal of Heredity, 106: 459-468. doi:10.1093/jhered/esv043

Gutiérrez, Eliécer E., Maldonado, Jesús E., Radosavljevic, Aleksandar, Molinari, Jesús, Patterson, Bruce D., Martínez-C, Juan M., Rutter, Amy R., Hawkins, Melissa T. R., Garcia, Franger J. and Helgen, Kristofer M. 2015. The Taxonomic Status of Mazama bricenii and the Significance of the Táchira Depression for Mammalian Endemism in the Cordillera de Mérida, Venezuela. PloS One, 10(6): 1-24. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0129113

Yumnam, Bibek, Jhala, Yadvendradev V., Qureshi, Qamar, Maldonado, Jesús E., Gopal, Rajesh, Saini, Swati, Srinivas, Y. and Fleischer, Robert C. 2014. Prioritizing Tiger Conservation through Landscape Genetics and Habitat Linkages. PloS One, 9(11): 1-28. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0111207

Montiel-Reyes, F., Maldonado, Jesús E., del Real-Monroy, M., Martínez-Méndez, N. and Ortega, J. 2014. Non-invasive sampling reveals fine-scale genetic structure in black bear Ursus americanus populations from northeastern Mexico. Endangered Species Research, 26(2): 179-188. doi:10.3354/esr00626

Eggert, L. S., Buij, R., Lee, M. E., Campbell, P., Dallmeier, Francisco, Fleischer, Robert C., Alonso, Alfonso and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2014. Using Genetic Profiles of African Forest Elephants to Infer Population Structure, Movements, and Habitat Use in a Conservation and Development Landscape in Gabon. Conservation Biology, 28(1): 107-118. doi:10.1111/cobi.12161

Rick, Torben C., Sillett, T. Scott, Ghalambor, Cameron K., Hofman, Courtney A., Ralls, Katherine, Anderson, R. S., Boser, Christina L., Braje, Todd J., Cayan, Daniel R., Chesser, R. Terry, Collins, Paul W., Erlandson, Jon M., Faulkner, Kate R., Fleischer, Robert C., Funk, W. C., Galipeau, Russell, Huston, Ann, King, Julie, Laughrin, Lyndal, Maldonado, Jesús E., McEachern, Kathryn, Muhs, Daniel R., Newsome, Seth D., Reeder-Myers, Leslie, Still, Christopher, et al 2014. Ecological Change on California's Channel Islands from the Pleistocene to the Anthropocene. Bioscience, 64(8): 680-692. doi:10.1093/biosci/biu094

Ahlering, Marissa A., Maldonado, Jesús E., Eggert, L. S., Fleischer, Robert C., Western, D. and Brown, Janine L. 2013. Conservation outside Protected Areas and the Effect of Human-Dominated Landscapes on Stress Hormones in Savannah Elephants. Conservation Biology, 27(3): 569-575. doi:10.1111/cobi.12061

Cardoni, Daniel A., Greenberg, Russell S., Maldonado, Jesús E. and Isacch, Juan P. 2013. Morphological adaptation to coastal marshes in spite of limited genetic structure in the Neotropical passerine Spartonoica maluroides (Aves: Furnariidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 109(1): 78-91. doi:10.1111/bij.12019

Sharma, Sandeep, Dutta, Trishna, Maldonado, Jesús E., Wood, Thomas C., Panwar, Hemendra Singh and Seidensticker, John 2013. Spatial genetic analysis reveals high connectivity of tiger (Panthera tigris) populations in the Satpura–Maikal landscape of Central India. Ecology and Evolution, 3(1): 48-60. doi:10.1002/ece3.432

Sharma, Sandeep, Dutta, Trishna, Maldonado, Jesús E., Wood, Thomas C., Panwar, Hemendra Singh and Seidensticker, John 2013. Selection of microsatellite loci for genetic monitoring of sloth bears. Ursus, 24(2): 164-169. doi:10.2192/URSUS-D-13-00001.1

Dutta, Trishna, Sharma, Sandeep, Maldonado, Jesús E., Wood, Thomas C., Panwar, Hemendra S. and Seidensticker, John 2013. Gene flow and demographic history of leopards (Panthera pardus) in the central Indian highlands. Evolutionary Applications, 6(6): 949-959. doi:10.1111/eva.12078

González-Porter, Gracia P., Maldonado, Jesús E., Flores-Villela, Oscar, Vogt, Richard C., Janke, Axel, Fleischer, Robert C. and Hailer, Frank 2013. Cryptic Population Structuring and the Role of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec as a Gene Flow Barrier in the Critically Endangered Central American River Turtle. PLoS ONE, 8(9): e71668 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0071668

Dutta, Trishna, Sharma, Sandeep, Maldonado, Jesús E., Wood, Thomas C., Panwar, H. S. and Seidensticker, John 2013. Fine-scale population genetic structure in a wide-ranging carnivore, the leopard (Panthera pardus fusca) in central India. Diversity and Distributions, 19(7): 760-771. doi:10.1111/ddi.12024

Sharma, Sandeep, Dutta, Trishna, Maldonado, Jesús E., Wood, Thomas C., Panwar, Hemendra Singh and Seidensticker, John 2013. A highly informative microsatellite panel for individual identification and sex determination of jungle cats (Felis chaus). Conservation Genetics Resources, 5(3): 863-866. doi:10.1007/s12686-013-9873-0

Helgen, Kristofer M., Pinto, C. Miguel, Kays, Roland, Helgen, Lauren, Tsuchiya, Mirian, Quinn, Aleta J., Wilson, Don E. and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2013. Taxonomic revision of the olingos (Bassaricyon), with description of a new species, the Olinguito. ZooKeys, 324: 1-83. doi:10.3897/zookeys.324.5827

Sharma, Sandeep, Dutta, Trishna, Maldonado, Jesús E., Wood, Thomas C., Panwar, Hemendra Singh and Seidensticker, John 2013. Forest corridors maintain historical gene flow in a tiger metapopulation in the highlands of central India. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280(1767) doi:10.1098/rspb.2013.1506

Woc-Colburn, Ana, Murray, Suzan, Lock, Justin, Dragoo, Jerry W., Guglielmo, Dell and Maldonado, Jesús E. 2013. A Minimally Invasive Method for Gender Determination in the Prehensile-Tailed Porcupine (Coendou prehensilis). Zoo biology, 32(4): 463-466. doi:10.1002/zoo.21063

Complete List of Maldonado's Publications and Downloadable PDFs

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