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Department ofVertebrate Zoology

Division of Fishes

Carl Hansen
© Smithsonian Institution
bar Victor Springer
    Victor G. Springer
    Senior Scientist Emeritus

  • Phone: (202)633-1206
  • Fax: (202)633-0182
  • E-mail: springer[at]

  • Mailing Address:
    Smithsonian Institution
    PO Box 37012, MRC 159
    Washington, DC 20013-7012

  • Shipping Address:
    Smithsonian Institution
    National Museum of Natural History
    10th and Constitution Ave, NW
    Washington, DC 20560-0159


Ph.D. 1957, University of Texas
M.S. 1954, University of Miami
B.A. 1948, Emory University

Research Interests

Classification, evolution, and biogeography of fishes, especially marine fishes. Blennioid fishes. Late 19th and 20th Century scientific illustrators of fishes.

I am currently conducting a study of the gill arch muscles of eels.

Recent Publications

Attaran-Farimani, Gilan, Estekani, Sanaz, Springer, Victor G., Crimmen, Oliver, Johnson, G. David and Baldwin, Carole C. 2016. Validation of the synonymy of the teleost blenniid fish species Salarias phantasticus Boulenger 1897 and Salarias anomalus Regan 1905 with Ecsenius pulcher (Murray 1887) based on DNA barcoding and morphology. Zootaxa, 4072(2): 171 doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4072.2.2

Springer, Victor G. and Johnson, G. David 2015. The Gill-Arch Musculature of Protanguilla , the Morphologically Most Primitive Eel (Teleostei: Anguilliformes), Compared with That of Other Putatively Primitive Extant Eels and Other Elopomorphs. Copeia, 103(3): 595-620. doi:10.1643/CI-14-152

Rocha, L. A., Aleixo, A., Allen, G., Almeda, F., Baldwin, Carole C., Barclay, M. V. L., Bates, J. M., Bauer, A. M., Benzoni, F., Berns, C. M., Berumen, M. L., Blackburn, D. C., Blum, S., Bolanos, F., Bowie, R. C. K., Britz, R., Brown, R. M., Cadena, C. D., Carpenter, K., Ceriaco, L. M., Chakrabarty, P., Chaves, G., Choat, J. H., Clements, K. D., Collette, Bruce B., et al 2014. Specimen collection: An essential tool. Science, 344(6186): 814-815. doi:10.1126/science.344.6186.814

Maisey, John G. and Springer, Victor G. 2013. Chondrocranial Morphology of the Salmon Shark, Lamna ditropis, and the Porbeagle, L. nasus (Lamnidae). Copeia, 2013(3): 378-389. doi:10.1643/CG-12-130

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