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Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Department ofVertebrate Zoology

Division of Fishes

Carl Hansen
© Smithsonian Institution
bar Lynne Parenti
    Lynne R. Parenti

  • Phone: (202)633-1209
  • Fax: (202)633-0182
  • E-mail: parentil[at]

  • Mailing Address:
    Smithsonian Institution
    PO Box 37012, MRC 159
    Washington, DC 20013-7012

  • Shipping Address:
    Smithsonian Institution
    National Museum of Natural History
    10th and Constitution Ave, NW
    Washington, DC 20560-0159


Ph.D. Biology, 1980, City University of New York
B.S. Biological Sciences, 1975, State University of New York at Stony Brook

Lynne Parenti, Coconut Island, HI, May, 2013, site of field collections of fishes for cryopreservation. Photo by Zeehan Jaafar.

Research Interests

The underlying themes of my research program are the phylogeny, systematics, comparative morphology, and historical biogeography of bony fishes. My current focus is on systematics and biogeography of freshwater and coastal marine fishes of the Indo-Pacific; use of new morphological characters in systematic ichthyology, especially neglected character sets; and the development of new tools for the collection and preservation of natural history specimens. My recent field sites include Sulawesi, Indonesia, peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, and Hawaii.

PHOTO: Lynne Parenti, Coconut Island, HI, May, 2013, site of field collections of fishes for cryopreservation. Photo by Zeehan Jaafar.


Comparative Biogeography (2009)

Comparative Biogeography (2009) L. R. Parenti & M. C. Ebach. University of California Press. Received the Secretary’s Research Prize (2010) for an outstanding research publication, awarded by the Smithsonian Institution.

Ecology of the Marine Fishes of Cuba (2002) R. Claro, K. Lindeman & L. R. Parenti (eds.), Smithsonian Institution Press. Received the Annual Award (2002) from the Academia de Ciencias, Cuba, for an outstanding scientific publication.

Cladistic biogeography: interpreting patterns of plant and animal distributions, Second edition (1999) C. J. Humphries & L. R. Parenti. Oxford University Press.

Interrelationships of Fishes (1996). Stiassny, M. L. J., L. R. Parenti & G. D. Johnson (eds.). Academic Press.

Cladistic biogeography (1986) C. J. Humphries. & L. R. Parenti. Oxford University Press Monographs on Biogeography, No. 2.

Recent Publications

Parenti, Lynne R. 2015. Review of: Biogeography of Australasia: a molecular analysis, by Michael Heads. Systematic Biology, 64(1): 163-166. doi:10.1093/sysbio/syu074

Giam, Xingli, Hadiaty, Renny K., Tan, Heok Hui, Parenti, Lynne R., Wowor, Daisy, Sauri, Sopian, Chong, Kwek Yan, Yeo, Darren C. J. and Wilcove, David S. 2015. Mitigating the impact of oil-palm monoculture on freshwater fishes in Southeast Asia. Conservation Biology, doi:10.1111/cobi.12483

Rocha, L. A., Aleixo, A., Allen, G., Almeda, F., Baldwin, C. C., Barclay, M. V. L., Bates, J. M., Bauer, A. M., Benzoni, F., Berns, C. M., Berumen, M. L., Blackburn, D. C., Blum, S., Bolanos, F., Bowie, R. C. K., Britz, R., Brown, R. M., Cadena, C. D., Carpenter, K., Ceriaco, L. M., Chakrabarty, P., Chaves, G., Choat, J. H., Clements, K. D., Collette, B. B., et al 2014. Specimen collection: An essential tool. Science, 344(6186): 814-815. doi:10.1126/science.344.6186.814

Parenti, Lynne R. 2014. A new species of Neostethus (Teleostei; Atherinomorpha; Phallostethidae) from Brunei Darussalam, with comments on northwestern Borneo as an area of endemism. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 62: 175-187.

Harrison, Ian, Evans, Malcolm, Lowe-McConnell, Rosemary, Parenti, Lynne, Sanford, Chris, Snyder, Lex, Stiassny, Melanie and Vari, Richard P. 2013. Gordon John Howes 1938–2013 (Fish Systematist). Journal of Fish Biology, 83(5): 1085-1093. doi:10.1111/jfb.12260

Parenti, Lynne R. 2013. Light at the Museum. In: Collins Goodyear, Anne and Weitekamp, Margaret A., Analyzing Art and Aesthetics. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press,(Artefacts: Studies in the History of Science and Technology) pp.278-279.

Parenti, Lynne R., Hadiaty, Renny K., Lumbantobing, Daniel and Herder, Fabian 2013. Two New Ricefishes of the Genus Oryzias (Atherinomorpha: Beloniformes: Adrianichthyidae) Augment the Endemic Freshwater Fish Fauna of Southeastern Sulawesi, Indonesia. Copeia, 2013(3): 403-414. doi:10.1643/CI-12-114

Parenti, Lynne R. and Ebach, Malte C. 2013. The explanatory power of biogeographical patterns: a reply to de Bruyn et al. Journal of Biogeography, 40(11): 2206-2208. doi:10.1111/jbi.12205

Parenti, Lynne R. and Ebach, Malte C. 2013. Evidence and hypothesis in biogeography. Journal of Biogeography, 40(5): 813-820. doi:10.1111/jbi.12069

Kottelat, Maurice, Baird, Ian, Kullander, Sven, Ng, Hek Hee, Parenti, Lynne R., Rainboth, Walter and Vidthayanon, Chavalit 2012. The status and distribution of freshwater fishes of Indo-Burma. In: Allen, David J., Smith, K. G. and Darwall, W. R. T., The status and distribution of freshwater biodiversity in Indo-Burma. Cambridge (UK) and Gland (Switzerland): IUCN, pp.38-64.

Uribe, Mari C., Grier, Harry J. and Parenti, Lynne R. 2012. Ovarian Structure and Oogenesis of the Oviparous Goodeids Crenichthys baileyi (Gilbert, 1893) and Empetrichthys latos Miller, 1948 (Teleostei, Cyprinodontiformes). Journal of Morphology, 273(4): 371-387. doi:10.1002/jmor.11028

Parenti, Lynne R. 2012. Poeciliid Biology: The Next Generation. Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology, 45(1): 75-78. doi:10.1080/10236244.2012.659430

Parenti, Lynne R. 2012. Review of: The Biology of Gobies. Aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology, 18(4): 239-240.

Parenti, Lynne R. 2011. Endemism and Conservation of the Native Freshwater Fish Fauna of Sulawesi, Indonesia. In: Simanjuntak et al., Proceedings of the VIth National Seminar and 3rd Congress of the Indonesian Society of Ichthyologists. Cibinong, Indonesia: Indonesian Society of Ichthyologists, pp.1-10.

Parenti, Lynne R. and Hartel, Karsten E. 2011. Osteology Identifies Fundulus capensis Garman, 1895 as a Killifish in the Family Fundulidae (Atherinomorpha: Cyprinodontiformes). Copeia, 2011(2): 242-250. doi:10.1643/CI-10-146

de Bruyn, M., Parenti, Lynne R. and Carvalho, G. R. 2011. Successful extraction of DNA from archived alcohol-fixed white-eye fish specimens using an ancient DNA protocol. Journal of fish biology, 78: 2074-2079.

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