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Department ofVertebrate Zoology

Division of Fishes

Carl Hansen
© Smithsonian Institution
bar Lynne Parenti
    Lynne R. Parenti
    Curator of Fishes and Research Scientist

  • Phone: (202)633-1209
  • Fax: (202)633-0182
  • E-mail: parentil[at]

  • Mailing Address:
    Smithsonian Institution
    PO Box 37012, MRC 159
    Washington, DC 20013-7012

  • Shipping Address:
    Smithsonian Institution
    National Museum of Natural History
    10th and Constitution Ave, NW
    Washington, DC 20560-0159

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Full Curriculum Vitae


Ph.D. Biology, 1980, City University of New York
B.S. Biological Sciences, 1975, State University of New York at Stony Brook

Lynne Parenti, Coconut Island, HI, May, 2013, site of field collections of fishes for cryopreservation. Photo by Zeehan Jaafar.

Research Interests

The underlying themes of my research program are the phylogeny, systematics, comparative morphology, and historical biogeography of bony fishes. My current focus is on systematics and biogeography of freshwater and coastal marine fishes of the Indo-Pacific; use of new morphological characters in systematic ichthyology, especially neglected character sets; and the development of new tools for the collection and preservation of natural history specimens. My recent field sites include Sulawesi, Indonesia, peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, and Hawaii.

PHOTO: Lynne Parenti, Coconut Island, HI, May, 2013, site of field collections of fishes for cryopreservation. Photo by Zeehan Jaafar.


Comparative Biogeography (2009)
Assumptions Inhibiting Progress in Comparative Biology (2017)

Assumptions Inhibiting Progress in Comparative Biology (2017). Crother, B. I & L. R. Parenti (eds.). CRC Press/Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, FL.

Comparative Biogeography (2009) L. R. Parenti & M. C. Ebach. University of California Press. Received the Secretary’s Research Prize (2010) for an outstanding research publication, awarded by the Smithsonian Institution.

Ecology of the Marine Fishes of Cuba (2002) R. Claro, K. Lindeman & L. R. Parenti (eds.), Smithsonian Institution Press. Received the Annual Award (2002) from the Academia de Ciencias, Cuba, for an outstanding scientific publication.

Cladistic biogeography: interpreting patterns of plant and animal distributions, Second edition (1999) C. J. Humphries & L. R. Parenti. Oxford University Press.

Interrelationships of Fishes (1996). Stiassny, M. L. J., L. R. Parenti & G. D. Johnson (eds.). Academic Press.

Cladistic biogeography (1986) C. J. Humphries. & L. R. Parenti. Oxford University Press Monographs on Biogeography, No. 2.

Recent Publications

Thomson, Scott A., Pyle, Richard L., Ahyong, Shane T., Alonso-Zarazaga, Miguel, Ammirati, Joe, Araya, Juan Francisco, Ascher, John S., Audisio, Tracy Lynn, Azevedo-Santos, Valter, Bailly, Nicolas, Baker, William J., Balke, Michael, Barclay, Maxwell V. L., Barrett, Russell L., Benine, Ricardo C., Bickerstaff, James R. M., Bouchard, Patrice, Bour, Roger, Bourgoin, Thierry, Boyko, Christopher B., Breure, Abraham S. H., Brothers, Denis J., Byng, James W., Campbell, David, Ceríaco, Luis M. P., et al 2018. Taxonomy based on science is necessary for global conservation. PLOS Biology, 16(3): 1-12. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.2005075

Hagedorn, Mary M., Daly, Jonathan P., Carter, Virginia L., Cole, Kathleen S., Jaafar, Zeehan, Lager, Claire V. A. and Parenti, Lynne R. 2018. Cryopreservation of Fish Spermatogonial Cells: The Future of Natural History Collections. Scientific Reports, 8: 6149 doi:10.1038/s41598-018-24269-3

Grier, Harry J., Porak, Wesley F., Carroll, Jessica and Parenti, Lynne R. 2018. Oocyte Development and Staging in the Florida Bass, Micropterus floridanus (LeSueur, 1822), with Comments on the Evolution of Pelagic and Demersal Eggs in Bony Fishes. Copeia, 106(2): 329-345. doi:10.1643/CG-17-679

Crother, Brian I. and Parenti, Lynne R. 2017. Assumptions inhibiting progress in comparative biology Boca Raton: CRC PRess/Taylor & Francis Group. (; ) 270 pages.

Parenti, Lynne R. and Crother, Brian I. 2017. Rosen Decomposing. In: Crother, Brian I. and Parenti, Lynne R., Assumptions inhibiting progress in comparative biology. Boca Raton: CRC PRess/Taylor & Francis Group,() pp.15-20.

Crother, Brian I. and Parenti, Lynne R. 2017. Preface. In: Crother, Brian I. and Parenti, Lynne R., Assumptions inhibiting progress in comparative biology. Boca Raton: CRC PRess/Taylor & Francis Group,() pp.xi-xii.

Parenti, Lynne R. 2017. Raising Cain: On the assumptions that inhibit scientific progress in comparative biogeography. In: Crother, Brian I. and Parenti, Lynne R., Assumptions inhibiting progress in comparative biology. Boca Raton: CRC Press/Taylor & Francis Group,() pp.219-234.

Parenti, Lynne R. and Jaafar, Zeehan 2017. The Natural Distribution of Mudskippers. In: Jaafar, Zeehan and Murdy, Edward O., Fishes out of Water: Biology and Ecology of Mudskippers. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press/Taylor & Francis Group,() pp.37-68.

Parenti, Lynne R. 2017. Annual Fishes: Life History Strategy, Diversity and Evolution. Copeia, 105(2): 428-430. doi:10.1643/OT-17-596

Sidlauskas, Brian L., Ferraris, Carl, Funk, Vicki Ann, Parenti, Lynne R., de Pinna, Mario and Reid, Gordon McGregor 2017. In Memoriam: Richard Peter Vari (August 24, 1949-January 15, 2016). Copeia, 105(1): 147-160. doi:10.1643/CI-16-550

Parenti, Lynne R. and Iwamoto, Tomio 2017. Pearl Mitsu Sonoda (1918–2015). Copeia, 105(1): 161-163. doi:10.1643/OT-16-531

Parenti, Lynne R. 2017. Stanley Howard Weitzman (1927-2017). Business Newsletter of the American Killifish Association, 56(4): 14

Grier, Harry J., Uribe, Mari Carmen, Lo Nostro, Fabiana L., Mims, Steven D. and Parenti, Lynne R. 2016. Conserved Form and Function of the Germinal Epithelium through 500 million Years of Vertebrate Evolution. Journal of Morphology, 277(8): 1014-1044. doi:10.1002/jmor.20554

Parenti, Lynne R. 2016. Laid Bare [Essay on fish radiographs by Sandra J. Raredon]. Anglers Journal, 3(4): 62-69.

Parenti, Lynne R. and Wake, Marvalee H. 2016. Evolution of the Role of Women in the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. Copeia, 104(2): 594-601. doi:10.1643/OT-16-427

Parenti, Lynne R. and Stiassny, Melanie L. J. 2016. Rosemary Helen Lowe-McConnell (1921-2014), Honorary Foreign Member in Ichthyology. Copeia, 104(2): 607-609. doi:10.1643/OT-16-404

Uribe, Mari Carmen, Grier, Harry J., García-Alarcón, Adriana and Parenti, Lynne R. 2016. Oogenesis: From Oogonia to Ovulation in the Flagfish, Jordanella floridae Goode and Bean, 1879 (Teleostei: Cyprinodontidae). Journal of Morphology, 277(10): 1339-1354. doi:10.1002/jmor.20580

Jaafar, Zeehan and Parenti, Lynne R. 2016. Systematics of the mudskipper genus Oxuderces Eydoux & Souleyet 1848 (Teleostei: Gobiidae: Oxudercinae) with resurrection from synonymy of O. nexipinnis (Cantor 1849). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, doi:10.1111/zoj.12482

Parenti, Lynne R. 2016. Foreword. In: Nelson, Joseph S., Grande, T. C. and Wilson, Mark V. H., Fishes of the World. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., pp.xxxiii-xxxv.

Parenti, Lynne R., Grier, Harry J. and Uribe, MariCarmen 2015. Reproductive Biology of Chlorophthalmus agassizi (Teleostei: Aulopiformes: Chlorophthalmidae) as Revealed through Histology of Archival Museum Specimens. Copeia, 103(4): 821-837. doi:10.1643/CG-15-256

Parenti, Lynne R., Hadiaty, Renny K. and Lumbantobing, Daniel N. 2015. Collection of freshwater and coastal fishes from Sulawesi Tenggara, Indonesia. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, 14(1): 1-19.

Parenti, Lynne R. 2015. Biogeography of Australasia: a molecular analysis, by Michael Heads. Systematic Biology, 64(1): 163-166. doi:10.1093/sysbio/syu074

Giam, Xingli, Hadiaty, Renny K., Tan, Heok Hui, Parenti, Lynne R., Wowor, Daisy, Sauri, Sopian, Chong, Kwek Yan, Yeo, Darren C. J. and Wilcove, David S. 2015. Mitigating the impact of oil-palm monoculture on freshwater fishes in Southeast Asia. Conservation Biology, 29(5): 1357-1367. doi:10.1111/cobi.12483

Ebach, Malte C. and Parenti, Lynne R. 2015. The dichotomy of the modern bioregionalization revival. Journal of Biogeography, 42(10): 1801-1808. doi:10.1111/jbi.12558

Rocha, L. A., Aleixo, A., Allen, G., Almeda, F., Baldwin, Carole C., Barclay, M. V. L., Bates, J. M., Bauer, A. M., Benzoni, F., Berns, C. M., Berumen, M. L., Blackburn, D. C., Blum, S., Bolanos, F., Bowie, R. C. K., Britz, R., Brown, R. M., Cadena, C. D., Carpenter, K., Ceriaco, L. M., Chakrabarty, P., Chaves, G., Choat, J. H., Clements, K. D., Collette, Bruce B., et al 2014. Specimen collection: An essential tool. Science, 344(6186): 814-815. doi:10.1126/science.344.6186.814

Parenti, Lynne R. 2014. A new species of Neostethus (Teleostei; Atherinomorpha; Phallostethidae) from Brunei Darussalam, with comments on northwestern Borneo as an area of endemism. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 62: 175-187.

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