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Department ofVertebrate Zoology

Division of Fishes

Carl Hansen
© Smithsonian Institution
bar Zeehan Jaafar
    Zeehan Jaafar
    Postdoctoral Fellow

  • Phone: (202) 633-4828
  • E-mail: jaafarz[at]

  • Mailing Address:
    Smithsonian Institution
    PO Box 37012, MRC 159
    Washington, DC 20013-7012

  • Shipping Address:
    Smithsonian Institution
    National Museum of Natural History
    10th and Constitution Ave, NW
    Washington, DC 20560-0159


Ph.D. Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore
B.S. Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore

Research Interests

My research focuses on elucidating patterns of speciation, evolution and distribution of marine fishes. I am particularly interested in the diverse drivers of morphological specializations and behavioural adaptations in nearshore cryptic fishes. At present, using mudskippers as model organisms, I aim to understand the evolution of terrestriality in this group of fishes.

Recent Publications

Wijedasa, Lahiru S., Jauhiainen, Jyrki, Könönen, Mari, Lampela, Maija, Vasander, Harri, LeBlanc, Marie-Claire, Evers, Stephanie, Smith, Thomas E. L., Yule, Catherine M., Varkkey, Helena, Lupascu, Massimo, Parish, Faizal, Singleton, Ian, Clements, Gopalasamy R., Aziz, Sheema Abdul, Harrison, Mark E., Cheyne, Susan, Anshari, Gusti Z., Meijaard, Erik, Goldstein, Jenny E., Waldron, Susan, Hergoualc'h, Kristell, Dommain, René, Frolking, Steve, Evans, Christopher D., et al 2017. Denial of long-term issues with agriculture on tropical peatlands will have devastating consequences. Global Change Biology, 23(3): 977-982. doi:10.1111/gcb.13516

Konstantinidis, Peter, Jaafar, Zeehan, Warth, Peter, Stoll, Matthias and Hossfeld, Uwe 2017. Rediscovery of oxudercine type specimens (Teleostei: Gobiidae) assumed destroyed during World War II. Ichthyological Research, 64(1): 123-130. doi:10.1007/s10228-016-0532-9

Parenti, Lynne R. and Jaafar, Zeehan 2017. The Natural Distribution of Mudskippers. In: Jaafar, Zeehan and Murdy, Edward O. (eds.), Fishes out of Water: Biology and Ecology of Mudskippers. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press/Taylor & Francis Group,() pp.37-68.

Lee, Janice Ser Huay, Jaafar, Zeehan, Tan, Alan Khee Jin, Carrasco, Luis R., Ewing, J. J., Bickford, David P., Webb, Edward L. and Koh, Lian Pin 2016. Toward clearer skies: Challenges in regulating transboundary haze in Southeast Asia. Environmental Science & Policy, 55, Part 1: 87-95. doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2015.09.008

Kok, Ben Toh, Chin Soon, Lionel Ng, Wai-Kit, Gavan, Jaafar, Zeehan and Loke, Ming Chou 2016. Assemblages and diversity of fishes in Singapore’s marinas. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement No. 32: 85-94.

Jaafar, Zeehan, Polgar, Gianluca and Zamroni, Yuliadi 2016. Description of a new species of Periophthalmus (Teleostei: Gobiidae) from the Lesser Sunda Islands. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 64: 278-283.

Larson, Helen K., Jaafar, Zeehan and Lim, Kelvin K. P. 2016. An updated checklist of the gobioid fishes of Singapore. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Suppl. 34: 744-757.

Zamroni, Yuliadi, Soewardi, Kadarwan, Suryobroto, Bambang and Jaafar, Zeehan 2016. Short Communication: Conservation of mangrove gobies in Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Biodiversitas, Journal of Biological Diversity, 17(2): 553-557. doi:10.13057/biodiv/d170223

Jaafar, Zeehan and Parenti, Lynne R. 2016. Systematics of the mudskipper genus Oxuderces Eydoux & Souleyet 1848 (Teleostei: Gobiidae: Oxudercinae) with resurrection from synonymy of O. nexipinnis (Cantor 1849). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, doi:10.1111/zoj.12482

Loh, Tse-Lynn and Jaafar, Zeehan 2015. Turning the tide on bottom trawling. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 25(4): 581-583. doi:10.1002/aqc.2563

Jaafar, Zeehan and Loh, Tse-Lynn 2014. Linking land, air and sea: potential impacts of biomass burning and the resultant haze on marine ecosystems of Southeast Asia. Global Change Biology, 20(9): 2701-2707. doi:10.1111/gcb.12539

Jaafar, Zeehan and Dexiang, Chen 2014. Goby and shrimp associations: more than meets the eye. Coral Reefs, 33(3): 863 doi:10.1007/s00338-014-1143-4

Rocha, L. A., Aleixo, A., Allen, G., Almeda, F., Baldwin, Carole C., Barclay, M. V. L., Bates, J. M., Bauer, A. M., Benzoni, F., Berns, C. M., Berumen, M. L., Blackburn, D. C., Blum, S., Bolanos, F., Bowie, R. C. K., Britz, R., Brown, R. M., Cadena, C. D., Carpenter, K., Ceriaco, L. M., Chakrabarty, P., Chaves, G., Choat, J. H., Clements, K. D., Collette, Bruce B., et al 2014. Specimen collection: An essential tool. Science, 344(6186): 814-815. doi:10.1126/science.344.6186.814

Jaafar, Zeehan and Ng, D. 2013. New record of the Blue-Tailed Dartfish, Ptereleotris hanae (Teleostei: Ptereleotridae) in Singapore. Nature in Singapore, 5: 369-371.

Hou, Z., Liew, J. and Jaafar, Zeehan 2013. Cleaning symbiosis in obligate Goby-Shrimp association. Marine Biology, 160: 2775-2779.

Polgar, Gianluca, Jaafar, Zeehan and Konstantinidis, Peter 2013. A new species of Mudskipper, Boleophthalmus poti (Teleostei: Gobiidae: Oxudercinae)from the Gulf of Papua,Papua New Guinea, and a Key to the genus. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 61: 311-321.

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