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Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
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Department ofVertebrate Zoology

Division of Fishes

Barracuda
Carl Hansen
© Smithsonian Institution
bar Gymnotiform fish studed by C. David de Santana
    C. David de Santana
    Postdoctoral Fellow

  • Phone: (202) 633-1232
  • E-mail: desantanac[at]si.edu
  • E-mail: apteronotidae[at]ig.com.br

  • Mailing Address:
    Smithsonian Institution
    PO Box 37012, MRC 159
    Washington, DC 20013-7012

  • Shipping Address:
    Smithsonian Institution
    National Museum of Natural History
    10th and Constitution Ave, NW
    Washington, DC 20560-0159
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Related Links

The Electric Eel News

Education

Ph.D. Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia
M.S. Universidade Católica de Pernambuco
B.S. Universidade Federal de Pernambuco

Research Interests

My biodiversity research program encompasses studies of taxonomy plus general questions on the homology and evolutionary biology of fishes using morphological and molecular tools. My core research has been focus on the Neotropical Electric Fishes, order Gymnotiformes. Over the past decade several coauthors and I documented dramatic prior underestimates of the species-level diversity in the Gymnotiformes (i.e., discovery of 100+ new species, half described to date). These prerequisite revisionary analyses underpin studies of more general questions on evolutionary patterns and processes and biogeography across the Neotropics.

Recent Publications

de Santana, Carlos D., Vari, Richard P. and Wosiacki, Wolmar B. 2013. The Untold Story of the Caudal Skeleton in the Electric Eel (Ostariophysi: Gymnotiformes: Electrophorus). Plos One, 8(7): e68719 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0068719

Peixoto, Luiz A. W., Dutra, Guilherme Moreira, de Santana, Carlos David and Wosiacki, Wolmar Benjamin 2013. A New Species of the Electric Fish Genus Hypopygus (Gymnotiformes: Hypopomidae) from the Lower Amazon Basin, Brazil. Copeia, 2013(2): 232-237. doi:10.1643/CI-12-087

De Santana, Carlos and Vari, Richard P. 2013. Brown ghost electric fishes of the Apteronotus leptrorhynchus species-group (Ostariophysi, Gymnnotiformes); monophyly, major clades, and revision. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 168(3): 564-596. doi:10.1111/zoj.12022

Vari, Richard P., De Santana, Carlos D. and Wosiacki, Wolmar B. 2012. South American electric knifefishes of the genus Archolaemus (Ostariophysi, Gymnotiformes): undetected diversity in a clade of rheopiles. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 165: 670-699. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2012.00827.x

de Santana, Carlos D. and Vari, Richard P. 2012. New species of Adontosternarchus (Gymnotiformes, Apteronotidae) from the Rio Purus basin, Brazil. Copeia, 2012(3): 535-540. doi:10.1643/CI-11-135

De Santana, Carlos and Crampton, William G. R. 2010. A Review of the South American Electric Fish Genus Porotergus (Gymnotiformes: Apteronotidae) with the Description of a New Species. Copeia, 1: 165-175. doi:10.1643/CI-05-136

De Santana, Carlos and Vari, Richard P. 2010. Electric fishes of the genus Sternarchorhynchus (Teleostei, Ostariophysi, Gymnotiformes); phylogenetic and revisionary studies. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 159(1): 223-371. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2009.00588.x

de Santana, Carlos and Vari, Richard P. 2010. New rheophilic species of electric knifefish from the rapids and waterfalls of the lower Rio Xingu, Brazil (Gymnotiformes: Apteronotidae). Copeia, 2010(1): 160-165. doi:10.1643/CI-09-068

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