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Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
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Department of Vertebrate Zoology

Division of Birds

Labrador Duck
Labrador Duck
Christina Gebhard © Smithsonian Institution
bar Image of Gary Graves, Curator
    Gary R. Graves
    Curator of Birds

  • Phone:(202) 633-0790
  • Fax: (202) 633-8084
  • E-mail:gravesg[at]si.edu

  • Mailing Address:
    Smithsonian Institution
    Division of Birds
    PO Box 37012, MRC 116
    Washington, DC 20013-7012

  • Shipping Address:
    Smithsonian Institution
    Division of Birds
    10th and Constitution Ave, NW
    Washington, DC 20560-0116
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Null Models in Ecology

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Education

Ph.D. Florida State University (1983). Biological Sciences
MSc. Louisiana State University (1980). Zoology
BSc. University of Arkansas, Little Rock (1976). Biology

Research Interests

My primary interests center on the ecology, biogeography, and evolution of birds. I am unapologetically curious about natural history and the pathways by which natural history observations catalyze significant ecological and evolutionary discoveries. My research program currently focuses on multi-scale patterns of species diversity, the stable isotope ecology of wood warblers, the evolutionary consequences of hybridization in hummingbirds, and the conservation biology of rare and declining bird species. Fieldwork plays an important role in most of my research objectives. I am currently conducting field studies in Jamaica, the bottomland forests in the southeastern United States, the Appalachian Mountains, and in the Sonoran Desert. I am one of the co-organizers of the Bird 10K genome project which seeks to obtain whole genome sequences of the 10,400+ species of living birds.

Recent Publications

Rocha, L. A., Aleixo, A., Allen, G., Almeda, F., Baldwin, C. C., Barclay, M. V. L., Bates, J. M., Bauer, A. M., Benzoni, F., Berns, C. M., Berumen, M. L., Blackburn, D. C., Blum, S., Bolanos, F., Bowie, R. C. K., Britz, R., Brown, R. M., Cadena, C. D., Carpenter, K., Ceriaco, L. M., Chakrabarty, P., Chaves, G., Choat, J. H., Clements, K. D., Collette, B. B., et al 2014. Specimen collection: An essential tool. Science, 344(6186): 814-815. doi:10.1126/science.344.6186.814

Blois, Jessica L., Gotelli, Nicholas J., Behrensmeyer, Anna K., Faith, J. T., Lyons, S. K., Williams, John W., Amatangelo, Kathryn L., Bercovici, Antoine, Du, Andrew, Eronen, Jussi T., Graves, Gary R., Jud, Nathan, Labandeira, Conrad, Looy, Cindy V., McGill, Brian, Patterson, David, Potts, Richard, Riddle, Brett, Terry, Rebecca, Tóth, Anikó, Villaseñor, Amelia and Wing, Scott L. 2014. A framework for evaluating the influence of climate, dispersal limitation, and biotic interactions using fossil pollen associations across the late Quaternary. Ecography, doi:10.1111/ecog.00779

Graves, Gary R. 2014. Western Marsh Harrier Preys on Herring Gull. Journal of Raptor Research, 48(2): 191-192. doi:10.3356/JRR-13-00088.1

Lisney, Thomas J., Stecyk, Karyn, Kolominsky, Jeffrey, Graves, Gary R., Wylie, Douglas R. and Iwaniuk, Andrew N. 2013. Comparison of eye morphology and retinal topography in two species of new world vultures (Aves: Cathartidae). The Anatomical Record, 296(12): 1954-1970. doi:10.1002/ar.22815

Graves, Gary R. 2013. Historical decline and probable extinction of the Jamaican Golden Swallow Tachycineta euchrysea euchrysea. Bird Conservation International, 24(2): 239-251. doi:10.1017/S095927091300035X

Graves, Gary R. 2013. Characteristics of a Black Rail (Laterallus jamaicensis) territory in Huntley Meadows, Fairfax County, Virginia. Banisteria, 41: 94-95.

Graves, Gary R. 2013. Hummingbirds visit feeders at high-rise apartment buildings. Banisteria, 41: 95-97.

Graves, Gary R. 2013. A probable nearshore record of Killer Whale (Orcinus orca) on Assateague Island, Virginia. Banisteria, 41: 93-94.

McCormack, John E., Maley, James M., Hird, Sarah M., Derryberry, Elizabeth P., Graves, Gary R. and Brumfield, Robb T. 2013. Corrigendum to "Next-generation sequencing reveals phylogeographic structure and a species tree for recent bird divergences" [Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 62 (2012) 397–406]. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 66(1): 440 doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2012.09.009

Hines, Richard E., Bader, Troy J. and Graves, Gary R. 2013. Chimney Swifts (Chaetura pelagica) Nest in Tree Cavities in Arkansas. Southeastern Naturalist, 12(4): N18-N20. doi:10.1656/058.012.0414

Holt, Ben G., Lessard, Jean-Philippe, Borregaard, Michael K., Fritz, Susanne A., Araújo, Miguel B., Dimitrov, Dimitar, Fabre, Pierre-Henri, Graham, Catherine H., Graves, Gary R., Jønsson, Knud A., Nogués-Bravo, David, Wang, Zhiheng, Whittaker, Robert J., Fjeldså, Jon and Rahbek, Carsten 2013. Response to Comment on "An Update of Wallace's Zoogeographic Regions of the World". Science, 341(6144): 343 doi:10.1126/science.1237541

Holt, Ben G., Lessard, Jean-Philippe, Borregaard, Michael K., Fritz, Susanne A., Araujo, Miguel B., Dimitrov, Dimitar, Fabre, Pierre-Henri, Graham, Catherine H., Graves, Gary R., Jonsson, Knud A., Nogues-Bravo, David, Wang, Zhiheng, Whittaker, Robert J., Fjeldsa, Jon and Rahbek, Carsten 2013. An Update of Wallace's Zoogeographic Regions of the World. Science, 339(6115): 74-78. doi:10.1126/science.1228282

Graves, Gary R., Newsome, Seth D., Willard, David E., Grosshuesch, David A., Wurzel, William W. and Fogel, Marilyn L. 2012. Nutritional stress and body condition in the Great Gray Owl (Strix nebulosa) during winter irruptive migrations. Canadian journal of zoology, 90(7): 787-797. doi:10.1139/z2012-047

Schirtzinger, Erin E., Tavares, Erika S., Gonzales, Lauren A., Eberhard, Jessica R., Miyaki, Cristina Y., Sanchez, Juan J., Hernandez, Alexis, Müeller, Heinrich, Graves, Gary R., Fleischer, Robert C. and Wright, Timothy F. 2012. Multiple Independent Origins of Mitochondrial Control Region Duplications in the Order Psittaciformes. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 64(2): 342-356. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2012.04.009

McCormack, John E., Maley, James M., Hird, Sarah M., Derryberry, Elizabeth P., Graves, Gary R. and Brumfield, Robb T. 2012. Next-generation sequencing reveals phylogeographic structure and a species tree for recent bird divergences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 62(1): 397-406. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.10.012

Gotelli, Nicholas J., Chao, Anne, Colwell, Robert K., Hwang, Wen-han and Graves, Gary R. 2012. Specimen-Based Modeling, Stopping Rules, and the Extinction of the Ivory-Billed Woodpecker. Conservation Biology, 26(1): 47-56. doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2011.01715.x

Cibois, Alice, Beadell, Jon S., Graves, Gary R., Pasquet, Eric, Slikas, Beth, Sonsthagen, Sarah A., Thibault, Jean-Claude and Fleischer, Robert C. 2011. Charting the course of reed-warblers across the Pacific islands. Journal of Biogeography, 38(10): 1963-1975. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02542.x

Schindel, David E., Stoeckle, Mark, Milensky, Chris, Trizna, Michael, Schmidt, Brian K., Gebhard, Christina and Graves, Gary R. 2011. Project Description: DNA Barcodes of Bird Species in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, USA. Zookeys, 152: 87-91. doi:10.3897/zookeys.152.2473

Graves, Gary R. and Prys-Jones, Robert P. 2011. Rediscovery of the holotype of Trochilus maria Gosse, 1849 (Aves: Apodiformes: Trochilidae). Zootaxa, 2929: 59-63.

Graves, Gary R., Lane, Daniel F., O'Neill, John P. and Valqui, Thomas 2011. A distinctive new subspecies of the Royal Sunangel (Aves: Trochiliformes; Heliangelus regalis) from the Cordillera Azul, northern Peru. Zootaxa, 3002: 52-58.

Graves, Gary R. 2011. Status of wood rails (Aramides) in north-west Peru. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club, 131(1): 210-212.

Kirchman, Jeremy J., Witt, Christopher C., McGuire, Jimmy A. and Graves, Gary R. 2010. DNA from a 100-year-old holotype confirms the validity of a potentially extinct hummingbird species. Biology Letters, 6(1): 112-115. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2009.0545

Graves, Gary R. 2010. Late 19th Century Abundance Trends of the Eskimo Curlew on Nantucket Island, Massachusetts. Waterbirds, 33(2): 236-241. doi:10.1675/063.033.0212

Gotelli, N. J., Graves, Gary R. and Rahbek, C. 2010. Macroecological signals of species interactions in the Danish avifauna. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(11): 5030-5035. doi:10.1073/pnas.0914089107

Graves, Gary R. 2010. Late ground nesting of Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura) on Assateague Island, Virginia. Banisteria, 36: 39-40.


Complete List of Graves's Publications and Downloadable PDFs

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